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12 Basic Accounting Terms To Know By The Commerce Students.

People get puzzled when it comes to accounting words like debit and credit, assets and liabilities, bills receivable and payable, and so on. They frequently struggle to understand the precise meanings and differences between phrases.


Accounting is a fabulous subject to study. It keeps records of an organization’s or an individual’s financial transactions. It involves keeping proper books of accounts transactions, profit/loss records, and analyzing the assets and liabilities of the organization, among other things. If you are willing to go into the commerce or management field, basic accounting terms to know should be your primary concern.


Accounting allows for the implementation of sound financial practices to help the organizations grow financially. This procedure helps in examining an organization’s or entity’s financial position. This blog will go over various accounting assignment help that everyone should be familiar with.

Where Do Accounting Terms Come From?

Like any other field, accounting has a language that contributes to the overall functioning of financial accounting. This terminology includes a number of particular phrases that denote a simple function or a set of functions. Accounting phrases are simply terminology that ultimately allows topics and enables people to communicate more effectively.

Who Needs To Be Aware Of Basic Accounting Terms?

This requirement must be met by anyone interested in pursuing a career in accounting. It is not a requirement;  The Basic accounting terms to known mainly by a bookkeeper, a clerical worker, People in the business world.

12. Basic Accounting Terms To Know By The Commerce Students:


  1. Equity

Equity refers to a person’s proportionate ownership in a corporation. A shareholder is a person holding a company’s stock. Liabilities are subtracted from assets to arrive at this figure.


  1. Liabilities

The owner’s debt payments are referred to as liabilities. The liabilities represent the owner’s obligation to repay their current holdings of cash or other cash equivalents. Loan interest, taxation, and mortgage loans are all instances of liabilities.


  1. Capital 

The basic fund accessible to a corporation or entity to foster its financial activities is known as capital. It plays a vital role in the establishment and operation of businesses. Accounting is concerned with the many processes and transactions carried out with this capital sum. It is also the monetary worth of the enterprise.


  1. Profit (gross/net)

Gross profit is a company’s or business entity’s total profit. 


  1. Credit

Credit in accounts popularly refers to the agreement between signatories regarding borrowing money.


  1. Debit

 This payment reduces the liabilities of the account that made the payment and raises the asset of the person who received it.


  1. Insolvency

Insolvency refers to a company’s or an individual’s inability to repay their debts to their creditors. There are two kinds of default: balance sheet insolvency, which is evident on balance sheets, and cash flow insolvency, which is not visible but exists in reality.


  1. Flow of funds

The total cash or other financial equivalents flowing in and out of business is cash flow. It supports the phrase “cash flows,” referring to the amount of money flowing through a company.


  1. Accounts Payable

Accounts Payable refers to the sum owed to vendors for services and products.

This is the money that a firm expects to receive from customers in the future. 


  1. Trial Balance



The terms listed above are essential for understanding accounting principles at a greater scale. These concepts are fundamental in nature and serve as the pillars of accounting. Going over the subject’s basic communication words is a practical and true approach to shortening the introduction. These are the basic accountings terms to know by every commerce student, and I hope this blog will be really helpful to know the basic terms used in accounting.

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