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What is Sterility in Males and what are the causes of it ?

What is Sterility in Males?

Sterility in males is also known as male infertility, a male health-related issue that indicates the reduced chances of a successful pregnancy. Around 8 out of 100 couples face infertility because of male infertility factors. If you’re also suffering from a male infertility problem and searching for the best infertility consultation online or offline, try consulting from the prime IVF center in Jaipur. They have a team of highly experienced infertility specialists for consultation and all the latest advanced IVF treatments available to cure infertile couples.

In most cases, infertility occurs because of the male infertility factor. Your partner may have lower sperm production or issues with sperm delivery, illnesses, chronic health issues, injuries. The inability to get pregnant can be very stressful for couples and families. But, there are various treatments available nowadays for male sterility by which a couple can get treated well & get pregnant and have a healthy child.

What are the Symptoms of Sterility?

The major sign of male sterility is the inability to get pregnant and conceive a child. However, sometimes there are no more symptoms or signs of male infertility.

In some cases, the problems such as hormonal imbalance, enlarged veins, or inherited issues are the signs and symptoms of sterility in males.

Some Signs & Symptoms include –

  • Issues during sexual intercourse include lesser sexual desire, difficulty in ejaculation, or erectile dysfunction.
  • You may find swelling or pain inside the testicles.
  • Difficulty to smell
  • Abnormal growth of breasts
  • Fall of facial or body hairs or hormonal abnormality
  • Lower sperm count than normal ( lesser than 15 million sperms per milliliter of sperm)

When You Should Visit to Doctor

You have to see a doctor when you’re unable to get pregnant even after trying for a long time(more than a year) without using any birth control method to prevent pregnancy or if you have any of these following –

  • During ejaculation or erection, have a low sexual drive or other issues related to the reproductive system.
  • Abnormality or discomfort in the testicles.
  • If you already have a history of any male infertility issues.

What are the Causes of Sterility in Males? 

Male fertility is a very intricate procedure. For a successful pregnancy, all the following must occur –

  • Your body must mass-produce healthy sperm – Involves the quantity, quality, and overall growth of the sperm. Moreover, the formation of your male reproductive organs during puberty is also an important factor.
  • The quantity of sperm in semen –If there are fewer sperm in semen. Then, the sperm count will be lower than normal, and because of low sperm count, the odds of fertilization also decrease.
  • Sperm must be in good functional condition and should be able to move –If the motility or functioning of sperm is abnormal, then sperm can be unable to reach your partner’s eggs for fertilization.

Medical Causes

  • Varicocele Problem. Varicocele is named for the problem of swelling veins inside the testicles. These issues are the most usual cause of sterility in males.
  •  Infection in the reproductive system. Some infections may affect the male reproductive system or sperm health by causing the blockage in the sperm passing passage. Such as (epididymitis) (orchitis) or sexually transmitted infections, including HIV or Gonorrhea.
  • Retrograde ejaculation problems. Retrograde ejaculation issues occur when semen goes to the bladder during the time of orgasm instead of getting out of the tip of the penis.
  • Tumors. Various kinds of tumors can affect the male reproductive system, such as cancers and nonmalignant tumors. These tumors can directly impact through hormones releasing glands such as pituitary glands. Some of the issues occur because of any previous surgery or cancer treatment affecting the fertility of males.
  • Imbalance in Hormones. Sometimes an imbalance in hormones also affects the male fertility and other hormonal systems present in the body, including pituitary or thyroid glands.
  • Medications. Some of the medicines used in treatment, such as testosterone replacement therapy, cancer medication, ulcer drugs, or some arthritis drugs, can cause lower sperm production in a male body, and because of this, fertility in males decreases.
  • Testosterone replacement therapy. long-term anabolic steroid use, cancer medications (chemotherapy), some ulcer drugs, some arthritis drugs, and certain other medications can impair sperm production and decrease male fertility.
  • History of previous surgeries. Several surgeries may prevent sperm from getting out during ejaculation, such as abdominal surgeries, rectal cancers, prostate surgeries, and surgeries related to the reproductive system.
  • Use of drugs. If you’re using any anabolic steroids to stimulate muscle growth and strength, that drug may shrink up the testicles and decreases the production of sperm. The use of marijuana or related drugs reduces the quality of sperm.
  • Drinking Alcohol. Excessive use of alcohol also lowers the testosterone level in a person, decreases sperm production, and could cause liver disease, leading to fertility issues.
  • Smoking. A person who excessively smokes may have a lower sperm count than people who don’t smoke at all.
  • Overweight. By being overweight, some people face fertility issues because of repetitive changes in hormones that reduce the chances of fertility in males.

What are the Ways to Prevent Sterility in Males?

You cannot prevent male infertility always. However, you can avoid most of the known causes of male infertility. Such as –

  • Excessive Smoking.
  • Stop the use of alcohol.
  • Say no to drugs.
  • Be in a fit shape.
  • Avoid foods and things that encourage the heat in testicles.
  • Try to take the least amount of stress.


Lastly, male infertility is a crucial cause of infertility within couples with a strong impact on the physiology & psychology of a couple. It occurs because of various reasons. However, if you’re facing any issues related to the reproductive system, the best piece of advice for you is to visit an infertility specialist as soon as possible and get the best possible treatment done on time.

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